|Cannabis plants are either male or female.
The male plants produce pollen which
pollenates the flowers of the female plant, which once
pollenized, produce seeds. If the female plant isn`t
pollenized (if there are no male plants nearby producing
pollen), the flower/buds continue to develop and produce
THC. Female plants which are not pollenized are referred
to as sensemilla (without seeds).
Usually 40-50% of the plants are male.
A female can either generate a large seedless bud, a large bud
with a few seeds, or a large bud that is almost totally seeds. The
first case is achieved by removing all the male plants before any
of their flowers open. The second case occurs when a few male
flowers have opened but you remove them before any more open. The
third case occurs when you miss-time the flowering of the male.
This can be devastating if you have big female plants because you
could loose 90% of the smokable herb to seed production.
The spotting of males is one of the most difficult of
things to explain to a person that`s never grown since it really
takes careful attention to how the tops of male plants look at
this stage of development. Even experienced growers will be unsure
at times and will have to wait till the next visit to be sure.
When a male enters the stage of flower development, the tips of
the branches where a bud would develop will start to grow what
looks like a little bud (little balls) but it will have no
white hairs coming out of it. Females will have no balls
and will have small white hairs.
Male - Female
Males are often, but not always, tall with stout stems,
sporadic branching, and few leaves. Males are usually harvested
except those used for breeding, after their sex has been
determined, but before the pollen is shed. When harvesting,
especially if close to females, cut the plant off at the base,
taking care to shake the male as little as possible. This helps
prevent any accidental pollination by an unnoticed, open male
Tip for beginners: Buy feminized seeds! This way you will
only get female plants.